Monday, June 29, 2009

George Gershwin

(Languages of this post: Interlingua, English)

George Gershwin, le prime compositor del musica classic american qui comprendeva le importantia del jazz que habeva originate in New Orleans, publicava su prime canto quando ille habeva solmente 18 annos. Durante le proxime vinti annos usque su morte, ille scribeva plus que 500 altere cantos, un opera, e musica pro le piano e orchestra.

Multes ex le cantos de Gershwin primo appareva in obras de theatro musical in theatros in New York City. Iste comedias, con un grande varietate de cantos, esseva multo popular in le vinte annos que comenciava con 1920.

Un de iste obras, “Girl Crazy”, introduceva Ethel Merman, qui deveniva le plus celebre cantante juvene in le Statos Unite. In “Girl Crazy” illa cantava “I’ve Got Rhythm”, que Gershwin habeva scribite specialmente pro illa.

Multes ex le cantos que Gershwin scribeva pro iste obras de theatro musical ha conservate lor popularitate. In le curso del annos, on los ha cantate in un varietate de stilos musical. Un exemplo es le canto “Someone to Watch Over Me”. Gershwin lo scribeva pro le musical “Oh, Kay!” Plus recentemente Wille Nelson, un cantante prominente del stilo de musica popular “country”, ha registrate su proprie version de illo.

Quando George Gershwin comenciava su carriera, il habeva un grande debatto in le Statos Unite sur le qualitate artistic del jazz. In 1924 le director de orchestra Paul Whiteman decideva a organisar un concerto special pro monstrar que jazz esseva musica seriose. Whiteman voleva que Gershwin contribueva un obra al concerto. Gershwin habeva solmente unes parve septimanas pro componer lo, ma le resultato esseva “Rhapsody in Blue”, que ha devenite un obra importantissime in le musica classic american.

Gershwin mesme sonava “Rhapsody in Blue” al concerto. Le auditorio includeva alicunes del plus importante musicos classic de ille ephoca. Al audir lo, illes esseva electrificate. Pro le prime vice in le historia del musica american, iste composition capturava le essentia del jazz de ille periodo de tempore. Le successo de “Rhapsody in Blue” ganiava fama pro George Gershwin in omne le partes del mundo.

Plus tarde, Gershwin usava un obra de DuBose Howard pro scriber un opera, “Porgy and Bess”, un historia de amor tragic concernente afroamericanos qui viveva in le litoral de South Carolina. Iste obra habeva su debut in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1935. Illo esseva multissimo popular inter le publico, ma illo confundeva le criticos, pro le quales illo esseva alique unic que illes non sapeva evaluar, un opera inspirate per le cultura popular del epocha. A Gershwin non importava le confusion del criticos. Ille credeva que le melior musica que ille habeva componite usque tunc appareva in “Porgy and Bess”.

Un altere obra famose de Gershwin es “An American in Paris”, un poema musical tan innovative como le obras de Maurice Ravel. Le debut de iste obra esseva per le New York Philharmonic Orchestra in 1928. Le criticos de musica american non sapeva evaluar lo. Alicunes lo admirava; alteres lo odiava.

Ravel tamen amava le musica de Gershwin. A un puncto de su carriera Gershwin voleva instruction in le technicas de Ravel. Ravel refusava. “Proque vole tu devenir un Ravel inferior”, diceva ille a Gershwin, “quando tu nunc es un Gershwin multo superior?”

Gershwin moriva in 1937 de un carcinoma cerebral a solmente 39 annos de etate. Su morte provoca un responsa in le medios de communication del mundo que esseva simile al attention al morte recente de Michael Jackson.

Le compositor austriac Arnold Schoenberg, como Maurice Ravel, admirava multissimo le musica de Gershwin. Ille diceva que Gershwin esseva un compositor qui viveva in le musica e exprimeva un universo de conceptos importante in su musica proque le musica esseva su lingua native.


George Gershwin, the first composer of American classical music who understood the importance of the jazz that had originated in New Orleans, published his first song when he was only eighteen years old. During the next twenty years until his death, he wrote more than 500 other songs, an opera, and music for piano and orchestra.

Many of Gershwin’s songs first appeared in the musical-theater productions in New York city theaters. These comedies, with a large variety of songs, were very popular in the twenty years starting in 1920.

One of these works, “Girl Crazy,” introduced Ethel Merman, who became the most famous young singer in the United States. “In Girl Crazy” she sang “I’ve Got Rhythm,” which Gershwin had written especially for her.

Many of the songs that Gershwin wrote for musical theater continue to be popular. Throughout the years, they have been sung in a variety of musical styles. One example is the song “Someone to Watch Over Me.” Gershwin wrote it for the musical “O, Kay!” More recently Willie Nelson, a prominent Country and Western singer, recorded his own version of it.

When George Gershwin began his career, there was a great debate in the United States about the artistic quality of jazz. In 1924 the orchestra leader Paul Whiteman decided to organize a special concert to show that jazz was serious music. Whiteman wanted Gershwin to contribute a work to the concert. Gershwin had only a few short weeks to compose it, but the result was “Rhapsody in Blue,” which has become a very important work in American classical music.

Gershwin himself played “Rhapsody in Blue” at the concert. The audience included some of the most important classical musicans of that era. On hearing it, they were electrified. For the first time in the history of American music, this composition captured the essence of the jazz of that period of time. The success of “Rhapsody in Blue” made George Gershwin famous everywhere in the world.

Later on, Gershwin used a work by DuBose Howard to write an opera, “Porgy and Bess,” a tragic love story about African Americans who lived along the shores of South Carolina. This work had its debut in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1935. It was very popular with the public, but it confused the critics, for whom it was something unique that they did not know how to evaluate, an opera inspired by the popular culture of that era. Gershwin did not care at all about the confusion of the critics. He believed that the best music that he had composed up to then was in “Porgy and Bess.”

Another of Gershwin’s famous works is “An American in Paris,” a musical poem as innovative as the works of Maurice Ravel. The debut of this work was by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in 1928. American music critics did not know how to evaluate it. Some admired it; others hated it.

Ravel, however, loved Gershwin’s music. At one point in his career Gershwin wanted some tutoring in musical technique from Ravel. Ravel turned him down. “Why do you want to become a second-rate Ravel,” he said to Gershwin, “when you are already a first-rate Gershwin?”

Gershwin died in 1937 from a brain tumor while only thirty-nine years old. His death provoked attention in the world media of that time that was similar to the response given to the recent death of Michael Jackson.

The Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg, like Maurice Ravel, greatly admired Gershwin’s music. He said that Gershwin was a composer that lived in music and expressed a universe of important concepts in his music because music was his native language.

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