Tuesday, January 27, 2009
Le missiones espaniol de California
(Languages of this post: Interlingua, English)
Le camino Regal ("el camino real" in espaniol) vade inter San Diego e San Francisco e concatena le 21 (vinti un) missiones espaniol in iste stato american. Le prestre Junipero Serra organisava iste systema de missiones.
Il pare que ille tosto essera un sancto catholic, ma vermente, ille subjugava le indios de California pro construer su ecclesias, e le pauc numero de indios californian que ha supervivite le depredationes del espanioles e del angloamericanos post que California deveniva un stato american detesta su memoria e crede que le possibilitate de su canonisation es un obscenitate, como multe aborigines del "nove mundo" odia le memoria de Christophoro Columbo e crede que celebrar su conquista del Americas es anque un obscenitate.
Inter le seculos XV e XVII, Portugal e Espania disveloppava manieras assatis practic pro navigar le oceanos del mundo e discopera vias maritime al oriente, includente India, China, le Philippinas, e Japon.
Le portugeses se inricchiva in lor commercio con India proque illes dominava le transportation maritime a India e areas circumferente. Espania se inricchiva robante le indios del Americas.
In 1542 (mille cinque centos quaranta due) Juan Cabrillo e su marineros discoperiva le baia de San Diego, declarante que iste parte de California esseva le proprietate del rege de Espania. In 1602 Sabastian Vizcaino discoperiva le baia de Monterey, assatis proxime al baia de San Francisco. Ma in ille epocha illes non poteva trovar auro pro robar in California, e illes perdeva interesse in iste parte de lor imperio.
Post le revolution mexican de 1821 (mille octo centos vinti un) le governamento de Mexico secularisava le missiones de California, Le indios del stato esseva dispergite, e le prestres esseva obligate a abandonar lor ecclesias, e multes ex su missiones tosto cadeva in ruinas.
Pro un breve periodo de tempore post le guerra imperialiste contra Mexico del presidente Polk in 1847-48 le americanos usava le missiones de California pro administrar iste nove territorio american ma eventualmente los retornava al ecclesia. In le prime parte del seculo XX, on essayava a restaurar le missiones de California a in lor stato original, e multes ex illos nunc es ecclesias active e locos aperte al publico.
On essayava a accomplir le independentia economic pro omne le missiones, le quales esseva construite secundo un plano que consisteva de un quadrato central con un fonte decorative in su centro.
A un latere del quadrato esseva le cappella, a un altere esseva le habitationes del prestres. Al tertie latere esseva le officinas e cameras de labor, y le quarte habeva le casernas pro le soldatos. Le missiones subjugava le indios, qui non cognosceva le agricultura, pro travaliar in lor campos agricole. Post un periodo de annos evolueva pro cata mission un systema de production specialisate, como corio e textiles, le quales esseva excambiate con altere missiones.
Le distantias assatis curte inter omne le missiones permitteva viages assatis facile de un sol die inter missiones vicinante. Assi, le systema habeva su aspectos practic. E ben que unes indios recipeva beneficios del systema, le major parte de illes esseva exploitate, a vices multo cruelmente, per iste collision de culturas.
The Spanish Missions of California
The Royal Road ("el Camino Real" in Spanish) goes between San Diego and San Francisco, California and links twenty-one Spanish missions in this American state. The priest Junipero Serra organized this system of missions.
It seems that he will soon be a Cathjolic saint, but really he enslaved the Indians of California to construct his churches, and the small number of California Indians who have survived Spanish and Anglo-American depredations after California became an American state detest his memory and believe that the possibility of his canonzation is an obscenity, the way many indigenous people of the "new world" hate the memory of Christopher Columbus and believe that celebrating his conquest of the Americas is also an obscenity.
Between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries, Portugal and Spain developed rather practical ways of navigating the oceans of the world and discovered maritime routes to the Orient, including India, China, the Philippines, and Japan.
The Portuguese got rich while trading with India because they dominated maritime transportation to India and surrounding areas. Spain got rich by ripping off the Indians of the Americas.
In 1542 (fifteen forty-two) Juan Cabrillo and his sailors discovered San Diego Bay, declaring that his part of California was the property of the king of Spain. In 1602 Sabasatian Vizcaino discovered Monterey Bay, rather close to San Francisco Bay. But at that time they were not able to find gold they could rip off in California, and they lost interest in this part of their empire.
After the Mexican revolution of 1821 (eighteen twenty-one) the government of Mexico secularized the California missions, the Indians of the state were chased away, and the priests were obliged to leave their churches, and many of their missions were shortly reduced to ruins.
For a brief period of time after the imperialistic war against Mexico by President Polk in 1847-48 the Americans used the California missions to administer this new American territory but eventually returned them to the Church. In the first part of the twentieth century people tried to restore the California missions to their original state, and many of them are now active churches and places open to the public.
Attempts were made to accomplish economic independence for all the missions, which were constructed according to a plan consisting of a central square with a decorative fountain in its center.
At one side of the square was the church, at another were the living quarters of the priests. At the third side were the offices and workshops, and the fourth side was used for housing the soldiers. The missions enslaved the indians, who had no knowledge of agriculture, to work in their fields. After a period of years there evolved for each mission a system of specialized production, such as leather and textiles, which were exchanged with other missions.
The rather short distances between all the missions permitted rather easy one-day trips between neighboring missions. Thus, the system had its practical aspects. And though some Indians benefited from the system, most of them were exploited, at times very cruelly, by this collision of cultures.
Posted by hkyson at 1:24 AM