Wednesday, January 14, 2009
Breve historia del Brasil, Parte 6
(Languages of this post: Interlingua, English)
Le difficile regno de Pedro I:
Le prime annos del independentia del Brasil esseva difficile. Le familia de Pedro I habeva negligite su education, e ben que ille esseva un administrator energic, ille non sapeva calcular multo ben balancias in equationes politic e governava de un maniera impulsive, que inspirava multe resistentia inter le brasilianos.
Durante su regno le Brasil gereva un disastrose guerra contra Argentina e perdeva su provincia Cisplatina (posteriormente Uruguay) in 1825. Post un rebellion del armea que deteriorava in un disordine generalisate, Pedro I abdicava in 1831, retornava a Portugal, e su filio de cinque annos, Pedro II, deveniva le secunde imperator del Brasil post un periodo de regentia.
Stabilitate politic sub Pedro II:
Le secunde imperio brasilian durava quasi 50 annos e compliva multo. Primo Pedro II esseva multo instruite in historia, scientia, e linguas. Su proprie education inspirava in ille un grande preoccupation pro le instruction inter le brasilianos. Ille anque habeva un temperamento multo calme e rational e esseva in general un homine bonissime.
Post un breve apprentissage, ille apprendeva como alternar inter le duo sectores conservator e liberal que competeva pro controlar le pais (su poter principal esseva dissolver le governamento e alternar inter iste factiones politic). Durante su imperio, ille cambiava le governamento dece-un vices, e ille sapeva exactemente quando il esserea judiciose cambiar lo pro assecurar le stabilitate general del pais.
In le prime annos de su imperio Pedro II debeva confrontar le rebelliones que continuava desde le regentia, exacerbate per le electiones fraudulente de 1840 que dava le poter politic del pais al conservatores.
Su governamento anque appoiava Uruguay e le Argentina in un guerra contra Paraguay (1865-1870). Le fortias brasilian eventualmente triumphava in le guerra ma a un costo economic multo elevate. Iste guerra anque creava un establimento militar que deveniva un nove nexo de fortia cuje potentia Pedro II sempre debeva includer in su calculationes politic.
Ille anque manteneva bon relationes con le Statos Unite e Europa, reinfortiate per viages que ille faceva al duo regiones.
The difficult reign of Pedro I:
The first years of Brazilian independence were difficult. The family of Pedro I had neglected his education; and though he was an energetic administrator, he did not know how to calculate balances in political equations very well and governed impulsively, inspiring a great deal of resistance among Brazilians.
During his reign, Brazil conducted a disastrous war against Argentina and lost its province of Cisplatina (later to become Uruguay) in 1825. After an army rebellion that decayed into widespread disorder, Pedro I abdicated in 1831, returned to Portugal, and his five-year-old son, Pedro II, became the second emperor of Brazil after a period of regency.
Political Stability under Pedro II:
The second Brazilian empire lasted almost fifty years and accomplished a great deal. First Pedro II was highly educated in history, science, and languages. His own education inspired in him great concern for education among Brazilians in general. He also had a very calm and rational temperament and was in general a very good man.
After a brief apprenticeship, he learned how to alternate between the two liberal and conservative sectors that competed to control the country (his principal power was to dissolve the government and put the opposing sector into power). During his reign, he changed the government eleven times, and he knew exactly when the time was right to change governments to assure general stability in his country.
In the first years of his reign, Pedro II had to confront the rebellions that he inherited from the regency, made worse by fraudulent elections in 1840 that gave political control over the country to the conservatives.
His government also supported Uruguay and Argentina in a war against Paraguay (1865-1870). Brazilian forces eventually triumphed in the war but at a very high economic cost. This war created a military establishment that became a new nexus of power whose strength Pedro II had to include in his political calculations.
He also maintained good relations with the United States and Europe, reinforced by voyages that he made to both places.
Posted by hkyson at 7:14 PM